What Happens to Waste After Collection?
The UK is a beast when it comes to generating waste, with commercial waste making up 27.5 million tonnes and industrial waste adding 13.6 million tonnes to the total. To deal with waste, waste management companies and treatment facilities work tirelessly.
How Commercial Businesses Deal with Waste
Businesses generate enormous amounts of waste, but they don’t benefit from the weekly or bi-weekly council collections like households do. Instead, businesses build strong working relationships with waste management companies to facilitate skip hire, which is collected regularly.
Here at RJ Waste, we provide several different sizes of commercial skips including:
- 2 cubic yards: 15-25 bin bags
- 4 cubic yards: 25-40 bin bags
- 6 cubic yards: 40-60 bin bags
- 8 cubic yards: 60-80 bin bags
- 10 cubic yards: 80-100 bin bags
- 12 cubic yards: 100-120 bin bags
- 14 cubic yards: 120-140 bin bags
The size of skip a business will need for commercial waste disposal in Essex depends on the industry type and scope of the premises. For example, restaurants and bars tend to generate enormous amounts of waste, so will likely need a 10+ cubic yard skip emptied weekly. See skip sizes available from RJ Waste here.
The first step of the journey is the collection, which takes place at regular intervals determined by the initial contracts. There are many different collection methods including transfer stations, drop-off centres, roll on roll off, kerbside collections, wait & load and yard skip collections. After being picked up, waste is sent to treatment facilities.
When waste enters the treatment facility, it passes through a stage called “pre-treatment”, which is where it’s sorted into categories and any potentially damaging larger items are removed. After this step, all waste is broken into more manageable parts to make handling much easier.
During the screening stage, any large rubbish remaining is removed, and the rest is separated into inorganic materials (plastics and metals) and organic matter (food waste). This is an important part of the process because it ensures the correct materials are recycled.
Physical and Chemical Treatment
All inorganic materials are processed by physical and chemical treatments including grinding, shredding, heating and sorting. The purpose of this stage is to split the recyclable from the non-recyclable. After all, there’s no point in having recyclable waste sent to landfill.
Any organic matter has to be biologically treated, which means being broken down by anaerobic digestion, composting, or other natural processes. All of the treatment processes turn the matter into soil amendment materials.
Anaerobic digestion breaks the organic waste with zero oxygen, whereas composting combines oxygen and microorganisms to break everything down. Once the process is complete, the materials are used for soil amendment or fertiliser.
Recycling is one of the most important parts of the waste management process because it reduces the amount of material in landfills and helps to avoid natural resource usage. At the plant, recyclables are organised and transformed into different products.
There’s a lot of commercial waste in the UK, and it all needs to be treated properly to protect the environment. At RJ Waste, we kick off the journey with a range of waste collection methods.